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Cheryl Matrasko
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Hand positions

Hand positioning in Aikido may fall in three categories on this page as: Jodan, Chudan, and Gedan. Observe that each position has its own merits. The Jodan positioning may prepare for upper body combat tactics in defense and attack, while Chudan prepares for mid body and Gedan concentrates on lower body combat.

The most practical and best defensive hand positions that nearly all Aikidoists agree on is having one hand at eye level and the other at chudan or gedan level. This protects the upper and lower body simultaneously and serves to prepare the combatant for the most opportune hand positioning in case there is a need to use hand attacks. Here, either hand has an equal chance to strike or defend.

The three hand positions below illustrate the most conventional Aikido positions.

The above hand positioning is called Jodan and the hands are held at eye-level.


The above hand positioning is held at mid-body and is called Chudan.


The above hand positioning is held at low level and is called Gedan


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Michio Hikitsuchi 10th Dan 1978
(C. Matrasko as uke)
1978 C. Matrasko

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